Cosmic Context of Greek Philosophy (3)
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In the Juergens hypothesis, a comet spends most of its time in the outermost regions of the solar system, where the electric field will be most negative. The comet nucleus, Juergens said, naturally acquires the negative charge of its environment. This leads to electrical stresses on the comet as it falls towards the Sun. Juergens writes, “a space-charge sheath will begin to form to shield the interplanetary plasma from the comet’s alien field. As the comet races toward the sun, its sheath takes the form of a long tail stretching away from the Sun.”
Juergens’ model of the electric sun and of electrically discharging comets was immediately taken up by Earl Milton, professor of physics at Lethbridge University in Canada. Speaking at the annual meeting of the Society of Interdisciplinary Studies in April 1980, Milton offered a ringing endorsement of Juergens’ hypothesis: “The cometary body takes on the [electric charge] of the space in which it has spent most of its time. On those infrequent apparitions when it comes into the space of the inner solar system, the body of the comet gets out of equilibrium because it now moving in an electrically different environment than the one it is adjusted to. An electrical flow then occurs to rectify the situation. The sheath which builds around the cometary body glows brightly and assumes the characteristic shape of the comet’s head and tail.” (Goodspeed (2011), The Electric Comet: the Elephant in NASA’s Living room?)
As comet experts know, the head and tail can take on dramatically different appearances, something that is inexplicable in terms of mainstream comet theories, but perfectly normal in electric comet dynamics. Also, these differences were recorded by the Chinese:
In short, the Sun is not a closed system that may run out of fuel one day. It appears that the Sun gets its energy from an electrical current that runs through the galaxy. As long as the current keeps flowing, the Sun will keep going. However, when the Sun goes quiet, that may mean that, somehow, it is discharging more efficiently. We’re not talking here about a usual intra heliosphere discharge like the ones that are triggered by comets and which increase solar activity.
Cometary activity seems to have increased over the last few years, which, according to electric comet dynamics, should increase the sun’s activity. however, this is not the case. One scenario is that the sun is being ‘grounded’, possibly by a massive oppositely charged object such as a companion star that could even be dark, i.e. a Brown Dwarf. If a companion star is approaching our solar system it could be responsible for both the increased meteor activity (because it propelled asteroid bodies from the Oort cloud towards our solar system) and also for the decreased solar activity (‘grounding’).
Remember that solar activity is one of the main phenomena that allows the destruction of incoming asteroid bodies by exerting intense electric fields upon them. In this way, such a companion star could pose a major threat to life on earth by both sending comets towards the earth and deactivating the ‘protection system’ (increased solar activity in response to interlopers) against the threat of cometary impact.
As already noted, Anthony L. Peratt and his colleagues at Los Alamos Research Laboratories conducted plasma experiments and discovered that powerful plasma discharges take on some amazing shapes, including humanoid figures, humans with bird heads, rings, donuts, writhing snakes and so forth. It just so happens that these kinds of shapes have been recorded by ancestral humans the world over, most particularly in rock carvings known as petroglyphs. He writes:
“The discovery that objects from the Neolithic or Early Bronze Age carry patterns associated with high-current z-pinches provides a possible insight into the origin and meaning of these ancient symbols produced by man.
A discovery that the basic petroglyph morphologies are the same as those recorded in extremely high-energy-density discharges has opened up a means to unravel the origin of these apparently crude, misdrawn, and jumbled figures found in uncounted numbers around the earth. Drawn in heteromac style, these ancient patterns could mimic and replicate high-energy phenomena that would be recorded on a nonerasable plasma display screen. Many petroglyphs, apparently recorded several millennia ago, have a plasma discharge or instability counterpart, some on a one-to-one or overlay basis. More striking is that the images recorded on rock are the only images found in extreme energy density experiments; no other morphology types or patterns are observed.” (Peratt (2003), Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-Pinch aurora) as Recorded in Antiquity)
Plasma events can heat and fuse rock, incinerate elements that would otherwise not burn, melt ice caps, induce earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, vaporize shallow bodies of water and create massive deluges of rain. Additionally, the radiation coming off the plasma can very likely affect genes in living creatures, including humans. In short, plasma interactions between the earth and comets can create chaos. In the presence of such phenomena, humans would be terrorized and certainly think that they are in the presence of powerful and destructive living beings, i.e. ‘gods’. During such periods, they might seek out caves, build underground shelters and cities, build shelters of massive stone, and so forth. Evidence for all of this is present in the archaeological record.
Robert Schoch, the geophysicist at Boston University who created a controversy by pointing out that the sphinx must be thousands of years older than mainstream archaeologists claim, due to the presence of extreme water-weathering on its surface, thinks that the plasma events recorded by the ancients in their rock art are due to extreme activity of the Sun.
But, as we are going to see from some of the actual written evidence further on, understanding comets as electrically charged bodies, and taking Clube’s and Napier’s giant comet hypothesis into account, makes a better fit. I’m not excluding the possibility that the sun may certainly have produced some frightening plasma phenomena at different points in history, but I think the most concise explanation that includes all of the data is that of the giant comet with a full electrical charge interacting with the electromagnetic field of the Earth, including particularly terrifying displays from fragments entering the Earth’s atmosphere. A giant comet could also interact with the other planets in the solar system, doing such things as stripping the water and life off of Mars, exchanging electrical potentials and leaving horrific scars on that planet, interacting with Venus in such a way that Venus might strip charge from the giant comet, thus altering its own electro-chemical make-up, and so on.
As noted above, Clube and Napier have back-calculated orbits of comet streams and found that 9,500 years ago, two major streams were in identical orbits, i.e. they should have been a single body. That means that this was a time of major break-up. Comet Oljato, one of the bodies in question, is in an orbit which would have brought it into the Earth’s orbital plane for several hundred years around 3000-3500 BCE, which means that there would have been quite a few close encounters of the disastrous kind at that period.
At the same time, Comet Encke would have been a dramatic presence in the heavens as well. The present-day northern Taurid meteors are calculated to have broken away from comet Encke about a thousand years ago, consistent with Mike Baillie’s tree ring and ice core evidence and recorded in the Chinese records. In short, backtracking orbits of meteor streams and asteroids reveals astronomically and scientifically what should have been going on in the skies at various periods within the history of our current civilization as well as previous civilizations.
Adding up the volume of the comets and asteroids in question, along with the estimates of the various connected dust clouds and streams, indicates that our most recent giant visitor, which the ancients knew as Saturn (not the planet), was indeed a monster. It gave birth to a whole family of monsters, and some of the products of its initial splits went on to become monsters in their own rights, each with their own family of godlets.
Despite the fact that events going on in the skies have calmed down a great deal, the likelihood is that there are still hundreds of thousands of bodies capable of generating multi-megaton Tunguska-like explosions on the earth, orbiting in the earth-crossing streams left by the giant comet progenitor. Clube and Napier write:
“Astronomers, indeed scientists generally, like to think of themselves as tolerant judges and very adaptable to fresh discoveries. the evidence in this instance is however mostly the other way. One may therefore expect that in some circles the data now emerging from the Taurid meteor stream will be ignored in the hope that something reassuring will turn up. While this is a time-honoured scholarly ploy for the handling of discordant new facts, there is a moral dimension in this instance: the swarm has teeth.” (Clube and Napier (1990), p. 154.)
“The ancient religions of prehistoric man were unmistakable polytheistic and astronomical in character. This raises questions concerning the basic nature of the gods that were worshipped. If comets were included among the principal deities, their erratic motion and changing appearance could well have inspired a ready acceptance of the fickle character of ancient gods.
Many Greek and Roman philosophers were, amongst others, greatly concerned to explain comets in materialistic terms and rid them of any supernatural qualities. Inasmuch as the heads and tails of comets appeared often to take on a human form or that of animals, the aim seems to have been to prove that these were illusions created by perfectly natural causes.
In practice, however, belief in the gods was so entrenched that the arguments seem merely to have served to convince that the gods were invisible [in the sky]. The rise of materialism in classical times came with the passing away of some very important prehistoric gods which were comets in the sky. Many of the legends of mythology can thus be interpreted as highly embellished accounts of the evolution of one, or perhaps a few, very large comets during the last 2,000 years of prehistory.” (Clube and Napier (1982), p. 157)
In Neolithic and early historical times, there should have been a string of naked eye comets moving along the zodiac much like the planets do. At any given time, there were probably only a few really large and dominant bodies, ‘children’ of the monstrous progenitor. Some of the ‘children’ came to Earth and wreaked havoc or engaged in ‘wars with one another’, producing endless terrifying spectacles. The comet nuclei would have been far brighter than Venus, even at a ‘safe’ distance. Fierce meteor storms must have been commonplace, with many fireballs exploding in the atmosphere during them: the veritable thunderbolts of the gods. and certainly the electrical displays must have been awesome, whether between the comets, or between them and the earth, or between them and other planets in the solar system. As I noted already, the giant progenitor is probably responsible for the destruction and scarring of Mars and the loading of the atmosphere of Venus, though that was very early in its career.
In the figure above, we see various nodes of important intersections between the orbit of comet Encke and the plane of the earth’s orbit. These approximate dates match the scientific data obtained from the Earth itself. The ancient traditions of the ‘end of the World’, (yes, many ‘worlds’ have ended throughout history), the Egyptian intermediate periods, the collapse of the Bronze age, the end of the Roman Empire, and more, all have to be re-examined with the inclusion of the scientific data based on astronomical observations and back-engineering of the data thus obtained.
As time passed, of course, the comets would begin to lose their charge and their gasses and their tails would have diminished and faded from view, leaving only the predictable, annual, meteor showers. The gods that once hurled celestial thunderbolts and periodically got angry at human beings and “destroyed the whole world” experienced their own immolation, the Gotterdammerung, though we suspect that their ‘dead bodies’ are still out there, blackened by the fire – invisible, so to say – but still lethal.
In the earliest times, the celestial catastrophes came from the constellation Aries, but due to the evolution of the orbits, they gradually shifted to Taurus. In the Pyramid Texts, the earlier celestial religion, even older than the pharaohs, was the worship of a god who was the giver of life, rain and ‘celestial fire’. Worship of the sky god dominates both the northern Indo-Europeans and the southern Semitic peoples from the very earliest times. And even in the earliest times, the sky god did not exist alone: he gave birth and propagated a whole pantheon of lesser gods and demi-gods.
Quite a number of alternative researchers have gotten on the bandwagon of claiming that the actual planets of our solar system move out of their orbits and interact with one another in close and terrifying ways, including exchanging ‘thunderbolts’ and so forth. It seems that the reason for this interpretation is due to the confusion over the names of the gods later being given to the planets that were previously associated with a particular cometary event. I don’t think that these people are really considering the mechanics of what they are proposing, which are actually improbable, if not impossible. We need to look for deeper understanding and that is where we find that the Clube and Napier theory of a giant comet – or more than one – and the research they have done into the ancient orbits and texts, completes the picture.
As we will discuss further on, it was in the 4th century BCE that cosmological thinking shifted in significant ways with the rise of the new, Greek rationalism. This could only have occurred if the ‘gods’ that had been terrorizing the Earth for millennia were beginning to decline in size, number and frequency of appearance; to spread out and disperse in longer orbits. It is at this point that we discover that a study of planetary movement arose as an ‘explanation’ of what the former, ignorant, irrational peoples were actually talking about when they spoke of “gods in the sky”.
It was only after this time that the planets were given the names of well-known gods, names that had previously belonged to the giant comets and their offspring. At the same time, the planets were assigned some cometary characteristics, which makes no sense at all unless the names were originally attached to comets. As late as the 9th century, the Baghdad astrologer Kitab al-Mughni described Jupiter as ‘bearded’ and Mars as a ‘lamp’, Mercury as a ‘spear’ and Venus as a ‘horseman’. These are terms that have always before, then and since, been used to describe comets! (We are also reminded of the ‘lamp’ that passed between the covenant offering of Abraham, not to mention burning bushes, pillars of fire and cloud, etc.)
The idea that the planets in their distant, placid orbits, were important in any way at all was due to the work of Plato and Eudoxus. An explanation of orbits that were steady, circular, geometric and simple was elaborated by them, though Plato took some account of the ancient world-view and its events in the Timaeus. Then Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, came along with his radical cosmology that banished anything that was not ‘here and now’ evident. Shades of Einstein and the modern scientific dogma, for sure! The cometary gods were reduced to distant folk memories of earthly heroes and the sense that ‘there and then’ things were very different was completely suppressed; there was undoubtedly a political motive behind this.
Aristotelian cosmology, with its focus on the perfect, planetary ‘spheres’, ascended and dominated religion and academia and this condition exists, more or less, right up to the present – Tunguska and all other evidence notwithstanding.
As the sky-gods faded, the myths about them became less and less comprehensible. The tales were obviously about celestial beings, but there was a problem with identifying them. The only apparent moving bodies in the solar system were the planets and the odd comet now and then, and it was clear that the planets were too few in number and too simple in movement to support the wild tales told in the celestial myths. Thus, along with the transfer of the names of some of the major comets to the planets, the names of many of the other gods came to be assigned to ancient heroes, founders of cities, and so forth.
The evidence seems to point to the idea that Aristotle (among others as we will see further on) was concerned with quieting the fears and stamping out the superstitions of the average man. He did the job well and we have suffered the consequences for a very long time, and may yet suffer even more.
Notice in the chart above that at the time of Plato, the name ‘star of …….’ was still being used. This ‘star of …….’ designation was a direct reference to the brilliant nature of the comets that had evoked these names. But by 200 BCE, the term ‘star of ‘ had been dropped, and by 100 BCE, probably no one even remembered that the names had once belonged to comets.
The bottom line is this: the ‘hard’ sciences should have the last word on what exactly transpired in astronomical terms and that is what Clube, Napier, Baille, Hoyle and a few others have provided.
Author: Laura Knight-Jadczyk
September 24, 2023